Ayurveda: The Science Of Life | Learn About Ayurvedic Treatments
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Ayurveda, the science of life and longevity has a history as long as a human civilization and even beyond. Ayurveda was perfected by astute minds and adept hands and is aimed at the physical, mental and spiritual well being of human beings. Ayurveda is one of the great gifts of the sages of ancient India to mankind and is accepted as the oldest scientific medical system, with a long record of clinical experience. Ayurveda is the original contribution of India (Bharatha) to the world and treats man as a whole - which is a combination of body, mind and soul.

Its written history takes definite shape with the codification of hundreds of slokas of Ayur-Vedic wisdom into 'Samhitas'. Its highly integrated approach is evident from the way Ayurvedic treatment wes divided into eight segments such as Kaya Chikitsa (General medicine), Bala Chikitsa (Pediatrics), Graha Chikitsa (Psychiatry), Urdgwanga Chikitsa (ENT, Ophthalmology), Salya Chikitsa (Surgery), Damshtra Chikitsa (Toxicology), Jara Chikitsa (Geriatrics) and Vrisha Chikitsa (Aphrodisiac treatment).

Preventive Measures, effective and practical principles of preventive medicines (Swasthavritha) with Dinacharya (daily regimens), ritucharya (seasonal regimens) along with sound dietary (nutritional) practices / regulation as also with principles of satvrita (good conduct) (mental approach).

Modalities' with 'Practice - Ayurveda offers other modalities for preservation and promotion of good health and to mention a few

  • PANCHAKARMA : Purification process.
  • RASAYANA : Rasayana Concept and its practice (Rejuvenation), which addresses the negative impact of aging and helps to preserve youthfulness.
  • The essence of ayurveda is that it offers in this modern technological age a whole new way of life to find harmony and balance not only within one self but also in relating to environment, nature, society and fellow beings.

Vedas are regarded as the oldest scripts or records of knowledge known to man. They are stated to be of divine origin and given to mankind through the sages or seers of wisdom and thereafter transmitted from generation to generation. There are 4 Vedas namely: Rig, Yajus, Sama, Adharva, which have come down to us through several thousands of years of oral transmission before finally being recorded in writing. Ayurveda is considered as the branch of Adharvaveda. Ayurvedic scholars from subsequent generations collected the materials scattered in the Vedas and arranged them symmetrically to form Samhithas (Collections). Some of them are:

Books Authors
Charaka Samhitha Acharya Charaka
Sushrutha Samhitha Acharya Sushrutha
Ashtanga Hrudaya Acharya Vagbhata
Asthanga Samgraha Acharya Vagbhata
Madhavanidana Acharya Madhava
Sarngadhara Samhitha Acharya Sarngadhara
Kasyapa Samhitha Acharya Kasyapa
The 8 Branches of Ayurveda
  • Kayachikitsa (General Medicine)

    Describes ailments of adults not treated by other branches of Ayurveda. Hence known as general medicine.

  • Balachikitsa (Paediatrics)

    This branch deals with the prenatal and postnatal baby care as well as the care of a woman before and during pregnancy. It also elaborates various diseases of children and their treatments.

  • Graha Chikitsa (Psychiatry)

    The study of mental diseases and their treatments. Treatment methods include not only medicines and diet but also yogic methods for improving psychic power.

  • Salakya Chikitsa (Eye Diseases, ENT and Cephalic Diseases)

    This branch deals with the diseases of ear, nose, throat and head and their treatments including special techniques for curing these diseases.

  • Salya Chikitsa (Surgery)

    Maharishi 'Sushrutha' is the first surgeon who is also the author of Salya Chikitsa, the foremost speciality of Ayurveda. He describes various surgical operations using different surgical instruments and devices.

  • Agada Tantram (Toxicology)

    This branch deals with the toxins from vegetables, minerals and also toxins from animal origins. The concept of pollution of air and water in certain places and seasons has been given special consideration. Such pollution is also said to be the cause of various epidemics

  • Rasayana (Rejuvenation Therapy)

    This branch which is unique to Ayurveda, deals with prevention of diseases and promotion of a long and healthy life. It also advises how to increase our health, intellect and beauty.

  • Vajeekarana (Aphrodisiac treatment)

    This branch deals with the means of increasing sexual vitality and efficiency.

Besides these 8 branches, Ayurveda also brings diseases
affecting plants and animals into its ambit of consideration.
  • Vrukshayurvedam

    It deals with the diseases of the plant kingdom and their treatments (known as Agriculture).

  • Mrugayurvedam

    This Science deals with the diseases of animals and their treatments (known as Veterinary Science).

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